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Manpage of dnstracer

dnstracer

Section: General Commands Manual (8)
Updated: February 24, 2002
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NAME

dnstracer - trace a chain of DNS servers to the source  

SYNOPSIS

dnstracer [options] name  

DESCRIPTION

dnstracer determines where a given Domain Name Server (DNS) gets its information from, and follows the chain of DNS servers back to the servers which know the data.

Options are:

-c
Disable local caching.
-o
Enable overview of received answers at the end.
-q queryclass
Change the query-class, default is A. You can either specify a number of the type (if you're brave) or one of the following strings: a, aaaa, a6, cname, hinfo, mx, ns, txt.
-r retries
Number of retries for DNS requests, default 3.
-s server
DNS server to use for the initial request, default is aquired from the system. If a dot is specified (.), A.ROOT-SERVERS.NET will be used.
-t timeout
Timeout to wait for DNS answers, default 15 seconds.
-v
Be verbose on what sent or received.
 

HOW IT WORKS

It sends the specified name-server a non-recursive request for the name.

Non-recursive means: if the name-server knows it, it will return the data requested. If the name-server doesn't know it, it will return pointers to name-servers that are authoritive for the domain part in the name or it will return the addresses of the root name-servers.

If the name server does returns an authoritative answer for the name, the next server is queried. If it returns an non-authoritative answer for the name, the name servers in the authority records will be queried.

The program stops if all name-servers are queried.

Make sure the server you're querying doesn't do forwarding towards other servers, as dnstracer is not able to detect this for you.

It detects so called lame servers, which are name-servers which has been told to have information about a certain domain, but don't have this information.  

SEE ALSO

ntptrace(8), traceroute(8), dig(1)  

AUTHOR

Edwin Groothuis, edwin@mavetju.org (http://www.mavetju.org)

See http://www.mavetju.org/contacts.php for mailing-lists.  

BUGS

If you are running dnscache of D. J. Bernstein on your local machine this program is useless. Dnscache ignores non-recursive requests.


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
HOW IT WORKS
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
BUGS

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