RPC.YPXFRDSection: Linux Reference Manual (8)
Updated: August 1996
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NAMErpc.ypxfrd - NIS map transfer server
SYNOPSIS/usr/sbin/rpc.ypxfrd [ -d path ] [ -p port ] [ --debug ] /usr/sbin/rpc.ypxfrd --version
rpc.ypxfrd is used for speed up the transfer of very large NIS maps from a NIS master to the NIS slave server. If a NIS slave server receives a message, that there is a new map, it will start ypxfr for transfering the new map. ypxfr will read the contents of a map from the master server using the yp_all() function. This process can take several minutes when there are very large maps which have to store by the database library.
The rpc.ypxfrd server speeds up the transfer process by allowing NIS slave servers to simply copy the master server's map files rather than building their own from scratch. rpc.ypxfrd uses an RPC-based file transfer protocol, so that there is no need for building a new map.
SECURITYrpc.ypxfrd uses the same functions for checking a host then ypserv. At first, rpc.ypxfrd will check a request from an address with /var/yp/securenets or the tcp wrapper. If the host is allowed to connect to the server, rpc.ypxfrd will uses the rules from /etc/ypserv.conf to check the requested map. If a mapname doesn't match a rule, rpc.ypxfrd will look for the YP_SECURE key in the map. If it exists, rpc.ypxfrd will only allow requests on a reserved port.
SEE ALSOypserv(8), makedbm(8), yppush(8), ypxfr(8)
BUGSThe FreeBSD ypxfrd protocol is not compatible with that used by SunOS. This is unfortunate but unavoidable: Sun's protocol is not freely available, and even if it were it would probably not be useful since the SunOS NIS v2 implimentation uses the original ndbm package for its map databases whereas the other implimentation uses GNU DBM or Berkeley DB. These packages uses vastly different file formats. Furthermore, ndbm and gdbm are byte-order sensitive and not very smart about it, meaning that a gdbm or ndbm database created on a big endian system can't be read on a little endian system. The FreeBSD ypxfrd protocol checks, if both, master and slave, uses the same database packages and, if necessary, the byte order of the system.
AUTHORypxfrd protocol and FreeBSD Implementation: Bill Paul <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Linux Implementation: Thorsten Kukuk <email@example.com>
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