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#======= THIS IS THE JARGON FILE, VERSION  4.0.0,  24 JUL 1996 =======#

This is the Jargon File, a comprehensive compendium of hacker slang
illuminating many aspects of hackish tradition, folklore, and humor.

This document (the Jargon File) is in the public domain, to be freely
used, shared, and modified.  There are (by intention) no legal
restraints on what you can do with it, but there are traditions about
its proper use to which many hackers are quite strongly attached.
Please extend the courtesy of proper citation when you quote the File,
ideally with a version number, as it will change and grow over time.
(Examples of appropriate citation form: "Jargon File 4.0.0" or "The
on-line hacker Jargon File, version 4.0.0, 24 JUL 1996".)

The Jargon File is a common heritage of the hacker culture.  Over the
years a number of individuals have volunteered considerable time to
maintaining the File and been recognized by the net at large as
editors of it.  Editorial responsibilities include: to collate
contributions and suggestions from others; to seek out corroborating
information; to cross-reference related entries; to keep the file in a
consistent format; and to announce and distribute updated versions
periodically.  Current volunteer editors include:

	Eric Raymond

Although there is no requirement that you do so, it is considered good
form to check with an editor before quoting the File in a published
work or commercial product.  We may have additional information that
would be helpful to you and can assist you in framing your quote to
reflect not only the letter of the File but its spirit as well.

All contributions and suggestions about this file sent to a volunteer
editor are gratefully received and will be regarded, unless otherwise
labelled, as freely given donations for possible use as part of this
public-domain file.

From time to time a snapshot of this file has been polished, edited,
and formatted for commercial publication with the cooperation of the
volunteer editors and the hacker community at large.  If you wish to
have a bound paper copy of this file, you may find it convenient to
purchase one of these.  They often contain additional material not
found in on-line versions.  The two `authorized' editions so far are
described in the Revision History section; there may be more in the

The purpose and scope of this File
A Few Terms
Of Slang, Jargon and Techspeak
Revision History
How the File came to be
Jargon Construction
How hackers invent jargon
Hacker Writing Style
How they write
Email Quotes
And the Inclusion Problem
Hacker Speech Style
How hackers talk
International Style
Some notes on usage outside the U.S.
Crackers, Phreaks, and Lamers
Pronunciation Guide
How to read the pronunciation keys
Other Lexicon Conventions
How to read lexicon entries
Format for New Entries
How to submit new entries for the File
The Jargon Lexicon
The lexicon itself
Appendix A
Hacker Folklore
Appendix B
A Portrait of J. Random Hacker
Appendix C
Helping Hacker Culture Grow
For your further enjoyment

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