Extracting Specific Files ------------------------- To extract specific archive members, give their exact member names as arguments, as printed by `--list' (`-t'). If you had mistakenly deleted one of the files you had placed in the archive `collection.tar' earlier (say, `blues'), you can extract it from the archive without changing the archive's structure. It will be identical to the original file `blues' that you deleted. First, make sure you are in the `practice' directory, and list the files in the directory. Now, delete the file, `blues', and list the files in the directory again. You can now extract the member `blues' from the archive file `collection.tar' like this: $ tar --extract --file=collection.tar blues If you list the files in the directory again, you will see that the file `blues' has been restored, with its original permissions, creation times, and owner. (These parameters will be identical to those which the file had when you originally placed it in the archive; any changes you may have made before deleting the file from the file system, however, will _not_ have been made to the archive member.) The archive file, `collection.tar', is the same as it was before you extracted `blues'. You can confirm this by running `tar' with `--list' (`-t'). Remember that as with other operations, specifying the exact member name is important. `tar --extract --file=bfiles.tar birds' will fail, because there is no member named `birds'. To extract the member named `./birds', you must specify `tar --extract --file=bfiles.tar ./birds'. To find the exact member names of the members of an archive, use `--list' (`-t') (Note: list). You can extract a file to standard output by combining the above options with the `--to-stdout' option (Note: Writing to Standard Output). If you give the `--verbose' (`-v') option, then `--extract' (`--get', `-x') will print the names of the archive members as it extracts them.
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